domingo, septiembre 03, 2006


Sustainable design is the art of designing physical objects to comply with the principles of economic, social, and ecological sustainability. It ranges from the microcosm of designing small objects for everyday use, through to the macrocosm of designing buildings, cities, and the earth's physical surface.

Sustainable technologies
These are technologies which use less energy, fewer limited resources, do not deplete natural resources, do not directly or indirectly pollute the environment, and can be reused or recycled at the end of their useful life.
There is a significant overlap with appropriate technology, which emphasises the suitability of technology to the context, in particular considering the needs of people in developing countries. However, the most appropriate technology may not be the most sustainable one; and a sustainable technology may have high cost or maintenance requirements that make it unsuitable as an "appropriate technology," as that term is commonly used.

Environmental design refers to taking environmental concerns into consideration when designing plans, programs, policies, buildings, or products. Environmental Design has been defined this way: "We live in the world by design. Creating the everyday environment in which we live involves complex systems of cultural meaning, visual communication and the use of tools, technology and materials. As a field of study, Environmental Design encompasses the built, natural, and human environments and focuses on fashioning physical and social interventions informed by human behaviour and environmental processes. Design asks us to find answers to the most fundamental of human questions: how should we live in the world and what should inform our actions? This complex endeavour requires an interdisciplinary approach."
"Environmental design" in the old-fashioned sense has to do with developing physical, spatial environments, whether interior or exterior, to meet one or more esthetic or day-to-day functional needs, or to create a specific sort of experience - the focus being the human-designed environment. As this is a field with a very lengthy history, it can be said to include such specialties as architects, acoustical scientists, landscape architects, urban planning, interior designers, lighting designers, and exhibit designers. In many communities and situations, historic preservation can be added to this list. Another recent addition to this general area might be "disability access" for all manner of construction projects.

Maria Paula Navia